Overview

Achilles (uh-KILL-eez) tendon rupture is an injury that affects the back of your lower leg. It mainly occurs in people playing recreational sports, but it can happen to anyone.

The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of your calf to your heel bone. If you overstretch your Achilles tendon, it can tear (rupture) completely or just partially.

If your Achilles tendon ruptures, you might hear a pop, followed by an immediate sharp pain in the back of your ankle and lower leg that is likely to affect your ability to walk properly. Surgery is often performed to repair the rupture. For many people, however, nonsurgical treatment works just as well.

Aug. 02, 2017
References
  1. Maughan KL. Achilles tendinopathy and tendon rupture. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed June 26, 2017.
  2. Achilles tendon rupture. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=av0003. Accessed June 26, 2017.
  3. Li Q, et al. Minimally invasive versus open surgery for acute Achilles tendon rupture: A systematic review of overlapping meta-analyses. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research. 2016;11:65.
  4. Zhang H, et al. Surgical versus conservative intervention for acute Achilles tendon rupture: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review of overlapping meta-analyses. Medicine. 2015;94:1.
  5. Functional rehabilitation. American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. http://www.aapmr.org/about-physiatry/conditions-treatments/musculoskeletal-medicine/functional-rehabilitation. Accessed June 27, 2017.
  6. Barfod KW, et al. Nonoperative dynamic treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture: The influence of early weight-bearing on clinical outcome. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2014;96:1497.