Diet and nutrition after your bone marrow transplant

After your bone marrow transplant, you may need to adjust your diet to stay healthy and to prevent excessive weight gain. Maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent high blood pressure, high cholesterol and other negative health effects.

Your nutrition specialist (dietitian) and other members of your transplant team will work with you to create a healthy-eating plan that meets your needs and complements your lifestyle. Your dietitian may also give you food suggestions to control side effects of chemotherapy and radiation, such as nausea.

Your dietitian will also provide you with healthy food options and ideas to use in your eating plan. Your dietitian's recommendations may include:

  • Eating at least five servings of fruits and vegetables each day
  • Eating lean meats, poultry and fish
  • Eating whole-grain breads, cereals and other products
  • Having enough fiber in your daily diet
  • Drinking low-fat milk or eating other low-fat dairy products, to help maintain enough calcium
  • Maintaining a low-salt and low-fat diet
  • Following food safety guidelines
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Staying hydrated by drinking adequate water and other fluids each day
  • Avoiding grapefruit and grapefruit juice due to their effect on a group of immunosuppressive medications (calcineurin inhibitors)
Jul. 11, 2013