Core components of Pain Rehabilitation Center programs
The Pain Rehabilitation Center programs have several core components to help people manage their pain. Some components may not be available in each program. Core components include:
- Group therapy. Each group therapy session has a topic that is presented and discussed with the group. These sessions use a cognitive behavior therapy model and emphasize learning new ways to deal with the challenges of chronic symptoms and stress. Skills such as relaxation, stress management and problem-solving are emphasized.
- Physical therapy. Physical therapists instruct people in strengthening, stretching and aerobic conditioning. Therapists also educate people about proper body mechanics, lifting techniques, posture, aerobic exercise benefits and pain behaviors. Even participants who previously struggled with being active find themselves getting stronger in a short amount of time.
- Occupational therapy.Occupational therapists teach people how to effectively balance their daily activities in the areas of leisure, productivity and self-care. Return-to-work issues are addressed as are time management and office ergonomics.
- Biofeedback. Biofeedback provides information about how the body can be negatively affected by chronic pain symptoms. Using specialized equipment, biofeedback specialists instruct people on how to control breathing and muscle tension while engaged in daily activities.
- Medication management and chemical health education. Opioid pain medications can worsen pain over time. Medications can also cause side effects that limit function, and some medications can become habit-forming even if taken as prescribed. PRC staff works with each person to gradually reduce his or her medications, with the goal of eliminating unnecessary medications.