Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which the immune system, which normally protects your body, attacks the covering (myelin sheath) surrounding the nerves in your brain and spinal cord. These nerves send information from your brain and spinal cord to other nerves in your body, and myelin helps make this transmission efficient.
Multiple sclerosis and several other conditions cause damage to the myelin (demyelinating diseases).
Mayo Clinic neurologists in the Division of Multiple Sclerosis and Autoimmune Neurology diagnose and treat many demyelinating diseases.
Neurologists conduct clinical research, laboratory studies and clinical trials to study causes, genetics, disease progression and potential new treatments for MS and related conditions.
Staff in the Center for Multiple Sclerosis and CNS Demyelinating Diseases conducts research in MS and other related conditions.
Researchers also study evaluation and treatment options for children with multiple sclerosis at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.