Yes, it is possible. Although most cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) — a common sexually transmitted infection — some are not. Also, vaginal intercourse isn't the only way to get HPV. HPV can also be transmitted during any type of sexual contact, including anal sex and oral sex.
Factors that may increase your risk of cervical cancer include:
- A weakened immune system caused by HIV infection or certain immune-suppressing medications
- Having multiple sexual partners
- Long-term use of birth control pills
- Giving birth many times
- Being born to a woman who was given diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy
- Lack of routine Pap testing
Routine Pap tests can detect precancerous abnormalities. Pap tests can also catch cervical cancer in its earliest stages. Ask your doctor how often you should undergo Pap testing.
May. 23, 2009
See more Expert Answers
- What you need to know about cancer of the cervix. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/cervix/allpages. Accessed March 24, 2009.
- Human papillomavirus infection. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp073.cfm. Accessed March 24, 2009.