Resident - Orthopedic SurgeryMayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
MDSouthern Illinois University School of Medicine
PhD - Anatomy; Ph.D.
Dissertation: Whalen JL. Morphology and Distribution of Cartilage Canals in the Chondroepiphyses of Developing Vertebral BodiesUniversity of South Dakota School of Medicine
MS - Biological Sciences; MS
Thesis: Whalen JL. The Chronically Reserpinized Rat as a Model for Cystic Fibrosis: Some Responses of S1Tryon and Sprague-Dawley Rats to ReserpineSouthern Illinois University
BA - PhysiologySouthern Illinois University