1. Minnesota


  1. Laboratory Medicine and Pathology


  1. Fellow Transfusion Medicine Fellowship Program, Programs in Rochester, Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Department of Education Administration
  2. Resident - Clinical Pathology Henry Ford Health System
  3. Internship - Internal Medicine University of South Carolina
  4. MD Ross University School of Medicine
  5. MA - Biology John Carroll University
  6. Teaching Assistant John Carroll University
  7. BA - Biology/History with concentration in Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology John Carroll University


  1. American Board of Pathology - Clinical Pathology
  2. American Board of Pathology - Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine

Academic rank

  1. Assistant Professor of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology


  • Red blood cell and platelet storage lesions
  • Improvements in blood product storage
  • Blood safety
  • Transfusion triggers and clinical evaluations


See my publications