1. Minnesota


  1. Psychiatry and Psychology


  1. College of Cape Breton
  2. BSc - Psychology Dalhousie University
  3. MSc - Physiology and Biophysics Dalhousie University
  4. MDCM McGill University
  5. Internship - Internal Medicine McMaster University
  6. Resident - Diagnostic Radiology Dalhousie University
  7. Internship - General Internship Rotation Dalhousie University
  8. Resident - Harvard Longwood Psychiatry Residency Training Program Harvard University
  9. Fellow - Medical Psychiatry/Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry Fellowship Brigham and Women's Hospital
  10. Fellow - Neuropsychiatry Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


  1. Psychiatry, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology

Academic rank

  1. Associate Professor of Psychiatry

Professional Highlights

  • President, Association of Convulsive Therapy, 2008-2010
  • Vice-President, Association of Convulsive Therapy, 2007-2008


  • Neuropsychiatry
  • Consultation-Liaison psychiatry (psychiatry in the medically ill) with special interest in the treatment of delirium and depression in the medically ill
  • Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Depression
  • Biological therapies for treatment-resistant depression including transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy
  • Neuroimaging in psychiatry
  • Mood changes with isotretinoin use


See a listing of publications on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.


See a description of research activities.