1. Minnesota


  1. General Internal Medicine
  2. Cancer Center


  1. Post-Grad - Course work in Clinical Trials, Statistics, Research Design, Epidemiology and Molecular Biology Mayo Graduate School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  2. Chief Resident - Department of Internal Medicine; Internal Medicine Chief Resident Abbott Northwestern Hospital
  3. Fellow - Internal Medicine Abbott Northwestern Hospital
  4. Post-Grad - Department of Internal Medicine; Includes 12 months advanced training in Infectious Diseases. University of Minnesota/Abbott-Northwestern Hospital
  5. Post-Grad - Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation University of Minnesota
  6. MD School of Medicine, Southern Illinois University, Springfield
  7. BA - Biology; Magna Cum Laude Illinois Wesleyan University


  1. American Board of Internal Medicine

Primary Appointment

  1. General Internal Medicine

Academic rank

  1. Professor of Medicine

Professional Highlights

  • President, International Society for Vaccines, 2006


See my publications


See a description of research activities.