1. Minnesota


  1. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


  1. Pre-Med University of Missouri, Columbia
  2. AA Mineral Area College
  3. BS - Human Biology Logan College of Chiropractic
  4. Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) 9/79 Logan College of Chiropractic
  5. Counseling psychology Denver Seminary
  6. Pre-Med University of Colorado
  7. MD University of Colorado School of Medicine
  8. Internship - Transitional Gundersen Clinic/Lutheran Hospital
  9. Resident - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Mayo Clinic in Rochester
  10. MS - Clinical Research Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine


  1. National Board of Medical Examiners
  2. American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Academic rank

  1. Associate Professor of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation


  • Spine rehabilitation
  • Manual medicine/manipulation
  • Upper extremity rehabilitation
  • Spine/disc biomechanics research
  • Biomechanics of manual therapy research
  • Outcome of nonsurgical spine therapies research


See a listing of publications on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.


See a description of research activities.